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What Are Electronic Components?

  • Posted by:wechis

What are electronic components? Simply put, electronic components are the basic discrete devices that change the behavior of electrons and their associated fields. Let's discuss some of the basic types of electronic components. What are the benefits of using them in your design? Hopefully this article has provided some useful information. However, if you are still confused, don't worry; the following paragraphs will help you understand each component better. Here are some of the most common types of electronic components:


A resistor is an integral part of electronic circuits, providing the voltage and current resistance. Their performance is dependent on their size and technology. In many cases, the resistor family is defined by their noise index, which is the measurement error that occurs when current passes through them. The noise index is normally given in units of mV/V/decade, and the value is often expressed as dB. For example, a 0 dB noise index means that a resistor will produce one mV (rms) of excess noise for every volt across the resistor in each frequency decade.

Resistors can be of two types. One is a simple resistor, made of carbon rods with a wire lead and end caps. Other resistor types include carbon film and wire wound. Wire wound resistors are also commonly used, since they're more flexible and are useful for heat dissipation. But they're also incredibly versatile! Resistors are a necessity for all electronic circuits, so it's important to understand how they function in everyday life.

As mentioned, the resistance of a resistor varies with its size. It depends on how the circuit uses the resistor. If it's a high-power component, the maximum power it can dissipate should be greater than the expected voltage. Higher-power resistors also have larger physical dimensions, and they may even need heat sinks. You also need to pay attention to the maximum working voltage of a resistor, as failing to do so could result in it burning up.


Diodes are used in circuits as charge-carrying devices. They have two primary types: p-type and n-type. Both types of diodes have a depletion region that blocks the passage of charge carriers in either direction. When an electric field is applied across the depletion region, the uncovered positive ions and free electrons form a layer. This layer of charge carriers forms a potential barrier, preventing diffusion or migration of currents.

The behavior of a diode is very complex. It displays non-ideal behavior when it is in reverse bias. When a voltage higher than its forward voltage, it will let the current flow. This process is called the reverse breakdown voltage. Therefore, the reverse breakdown voltage is a key parameter when selecting diodes. Diodes that can withstand this voltage are the most suitable for use in electronic circuits.

Diodes have a dual function. While the cathode allows current to flow through it, the anode prevents this flow. In short, they function like an open switch. When the voltage is too low, they will block the flow of electrons. This prevents overcurrent from occurring in the circuit. Therefore, diodes are essential electronic components. They can be found in almost every circuit, and have many applications.


Capacitors are electrical components that store electricity. They can block direct current and pass alternate current. You can buy different types of capacitors at Chip One Stop. Here are some common types and their uses. Read on to learn more about them! Capacitors come in different shapes and sizes. They are typically fixed in a circuit by means of two electrical connections. When properly connected, capacitors can pass electrical current and prevent other electrical components from leaking into a circuit.

When a capacitor is connected to a DC source, the battery voltage will form an electric field across its plates. The capacitor then stores the charge and supplies it to the load. The energy will be stored until the capacitor becomes electrically neutral. A battery is connected across the capacitor, causing the flow of electrons to begin. A dielectric material between the two plates is what prevents the flow of electrons, but the capacitor can store a charge to a specified level.

Discrete capacitors have numerous applications in electronic manufacturing. They use multiple conductive metal plates and different dielectric materials to store energy. These components find widespread applications in nearly every industry. From consumer electronics to industrial automation, to downstream production requirements, discrete capacitors are used in all areas of electronic manufacturing. With their small size and low cost, they can be a great choice for many applications. Capacitors are also ideal for battery packs.


Inductors are the passive electrical components that produce a magnetic flux when current flows through them. They are also called chokes. When current passes through a wire coil, an inductor produces a magnetic field that is proportional to the current flowing through it. By forming a wire coil into an inductor, the magnetic field will be larger than the coil itself, thus increasing the inductance. This property is important for many applications in electronic devices.

Inductors are typically made of a wire coil tightly wound around a solid core. This core is either a cylindrical rod or a ring, loop or continuous cylinder that concentrates magnetic flux. Inductors are usually characterized by their inner core, which can be made of solid iron, free air, soft ferrite, or other magnetic materials. Different types of cores are distinguished by the presence of parallel lines next to the wire coil.

An inductor stores energy in its magnetic field. The current flowing through it changes its strength, and this energy is released when the current decreases. When a current increases, the magnetic field will become stronger, so an inductor will require more energy to store it. A constant current in an inductor will produce zero induced emf. This property makes inductors a popular choice for power sources.

Metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors

Field-effect transistors, also called MOSFETs, are semiconductor devices that use a single-carrier-type operation to amplify electronic signals. These devices use either electrons (n-channel) or holes - a combination of both. MOSFETs have high input impedance and operate at low frequencies. MOSFETs are very versatile and can be used for a wide range of applications, including wireless devices and consumer electronics.

Metal-oxide semiconductors are the most commonly used semiconductor devices in contemporary technology. These four-terminal devices allow current to flow from the source to the drain. They can be used to amplify electrical signals and networked together to form circuit logic. Recent advances in fabrication technology have led to miniaturization of integrated circuits. Metal oxides are particularly good candidates for p-type semiconductors.

The size of basic metal-oxide-semiconductor transistors has decreased from several microns to less than 32 nanometers (nm) in the last two decades. However, as channel length is reduced, short-channel effects - such as threshold voltage roll-off - become more pronounced. In the long-term, nano-electronics may help address the cost problem, and enable integrated circuits to scale beyond the limits of modern transistors.

During the conduction of current, electrons are attracted to the n-layer's metal gate by a voltage gradient. When the current is induced by the voltage gradient, electrons move from the source to the drain and vice versa. This process is called inversion. The resulting electrical current is high enough to drive a high-powered device. Further, the transistors are highly efficient.


Relays are electronic components that are designed to control one or more electrical circuits. They come with two different contact types: normally open, normally closed, and double-throw. These terms refer to different types of relays, and they will be listed below. The contact types can also differ in configuration, as well. Listed below are the two most common types of relays: single-pole, single-throw, and double-pole.

Relays consist of three major parts: an armature, a coil, and a set of contacts. The coil generates an electromagnet-like magnetic field. The armature then pivots in response to the magnetic field and opens and closes the contacts. The armature is often in the form of a pivoting bracket. The contacts are insulating and the coil is metal. Relays are typically inexpensive and easy to replace. However, if the contacts are damaged beyond repair, they should be replaced with a new one.

One type of relay uses a permanent magnet in combination with an electromagnet to control the armature's position. This provides a fixed position for the armature, and an electromagnetic coil changes the armature's position based on the polarity of the control input. The two types of relays are commonly used in electronic circuits, such as motors and lighting systems. But each has its own unique characteristics.